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Madison: Employment by industry

The table below shows how jobs in the county are distributed across different industries. This information helps us understand how the local economy is structured.

Since 2001, employment by industry data have been reported using a new classification system, the North American Industrial Classification System, or NAICS.

NAICS reflects the many changes that have taken place in the economy, such as growth and change within the service industries.

Prior to 2001, employment by industry data were reported by the Standard Industrial Classification System, or SIC. To view these numbers for 1980-2000, please click here. Note that data from the two classification systems cannot be directly compared. For example, even though both systems include categories titled manufacturing, the industries included within each category are different. To learn more about the differences between the two classification systems go to the U.S. Census Bureau’s NAICS website.

In 2018, the four US industries with the largest shares of employment were Government (12.2%), Health care and social assistance (11.3%), Retail trade (9.6%), and Accommodation and food services (7.5%).

In Madison, in 2018 . . .

  • Government accounted for 9.7 percent of employment;
  • Health care and social assistance accounted for 6.8 percent of employment;
  • Retail trade accounted for 11.2 percent of employment; and
  • Accommodation and food services accounted for 6.4 percent of employment.

Total employment

Total Employment18,18618,76719,19219,41320,49421,29022,36523,34923,959

Employment by industry

Forestry, fishing, related activities and otherNANANANANANANANANA
Wholesale trade7.4%7.5%8.0%8.0%7.2%5.9%3.9%3.7%3.5%
Retail trade11.4%11.6%11.6%11.6%11.6%11.5%11.6%11.4%11.2%
Transportation and warehousingNANANANANANANANANA
Finance and insurance3.4%3.5%3.3%3.1%2.9%2.8%2.9%2.6%2.7%
Real estate and rental and leasing5.6%5.6%5.4%5.5%5.7%5.8%5.8%5.7%5.6%
Professional and technical services6.9%7.3%7.4%6.2%7.2%6.7%7.5%NA7.7%
Management of companies and enterprisesNANANA0.2%0.1%0.2%0.2%NA0.1%
Administrative and waste servicesNANANA3.7%3.8%4.5%6.5%6.8%7.2%
Educational servicesNANANANANA16.1%15.7%16.5%15.4%
Health care and social assistanceNANANANANA6.6%6.4%6.3%6.8%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation1.8%2.0%2.2%1.9%2.0%1.8%1.8%1.9%1.9%
Accommodation and food services5.5%5.5%5.4%5.5%5.3%5.7%5.9%6.2%6.4%
Other services, except public administration3.9%3.9%3.8%3.8%3.6%3.7%3.8%3.7%3.7%

To get the most out of this indicator . . .


Ask questions:


·         What are the dominant industries in the local economy?

·         Which industries are experiencing job growth versus job loss?


Look at other indicators:


·         “County types: County economic base codes” – What is your county’s primary economic activity, a.k.a. economic base?

·         “County types: Creative class” – What percent of local jobs are part of the “creative class?”


Dig deeper:


·         Download data for your county or state to see the number of jobs in each industry from year to year.

·         Use the Local Area Personal Income website from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis to see the average wage per job for each industry type (construction vs. manufacturing, for example).  See Table CA34:

·         Take a Big Picture view of your county.

·         If you have specific questions, send us an e-mail.

Note: The estimates for 1980 are based on the 1972 SIC. The estimates for 1990 and 2000 are based on the 1987 SIC. The estimates of employment for 2001 and later are based on 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). NA = Not Reported or Not Available. For codes describing data that are not available, please view the data at the BEA website, (

Source: 2001-2018: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Data, Local Area Personal Income, Table CA25, (;
Source: 1980, 1990 and 2000: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Data, Local Area Personal Income, Table CA25, (;
DATE LAST UPDATED: November 14, 2019.

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